Diabetes and Oral Health
Diabetes mellitus is a pathological disease characterized by high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia). The symptoms of diabetes are: increased thirst, polyuria, fatigue, intense hunger leading to binge eating, weight loss, blurred vision.
Diabetics know that diabetes can cause problems in many organs of the body, but what they do not know is that it can also cause problems in the oral cavity.
Some of the most common manifestations of diabetes mellitus in the oral cavity are bad breath, burning sensation in the tongue and mouth, dry mouth, infections such as fungal infections, reduced ability of the oral tissues to heal after extraction, surgery or other surgeries. Finally, periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis. In particular, people with diabetes have a 2-3 times higher risk of periodontitis compared to people who do not have diabetes.
It is characteristic that patients with unregulated diabetes who receive periodontitis treatment, experience a drop in the value of glycosylated hemoglobin in a period of 3 to 6 months after successful treatment and, most importantly, prevent the appearance of new problems in their oral cavity.
But which is the required treatment?
Good oral health not only ensures a beautiful and healthy smile, but in the case of diabetic patients it is also essential to their overall health. What every person should and must do to prevent oral health and the general health of their body are the three basic principles:
Daily oral hygiene, if you do not know how to properly clean your teeth, ask us.
- Regular check-up at our dental clinic for cleaning and possibly periodontal cleaning (periodontal treatment)
- Control of diabetes with diet or medication